Actinomycosis is a rare infectious bacterial disease caused by Actinomyces species. They are also normal commensals among the gut flora of the caecum; thus, abdominal actinomycosis can occur following removal of the appendix. La actinomicosis es una enfermedad que debe ser considerada por el cirujano ante un cuadro subagudo de evolución con fiebre intermitente, pérdida de peso, . Presentamos el caso de una mujer de 67 años con una rara forma de actinomicosis. Clínicamente simulaba una enfermedad inflamatoria intestinal y tras.

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Mixed inflammatory infiltrate with clumps of fibrillar organisms and occasional foreign body giant cells, courtesy of Dr.

Actinomyces bacteria are generally sensitive to penicillinwhich is frequently used to treat actinomycosis. It can also affect swine, horses, and dogs, and less often wild animals and sheep. Weedon’s Skin Pathology, 3rd Edition. Actinomycosis is primarily caused by any of several members of the bacterial genus Actinomyces.

Actinomycosis occurs rarely in humans, but rather frequently in cattle as a disease called “lumpy jaw”. American Public Health Association. MedScape – ActinomycosisCheng: Multiple sinuses in foot.

The diagnosis of actinomycosis can be a difficult one to make. Predisposing factors include poor oral hygiene, trauma, male gender, diabetes mellitus, immunosuppression, alcoholism and malnutrition Infect Drug Resist ;7: Univ of Texas Medical Branch. The three most common sites of infection are decayed teeth, the lungs, and the intestines.


These granules are named due to their appearance, but are not actually composed of sulfur. Disease incidence is greater in males between the ages of 20 and 60 years than in females.

Skin inflammatory nontumor Infectious disorders Actinomycosis Author: In cases of penicillin allergy, doxycycline is used. The disease is characterised actinomicosiz the formation of painful abscesses in the mouthlungs[3] [4] breast[5] or gastrointestinal tract. Actinobacteria primarily A00—A79—, — Colonies of Actinomyces species.

Malignancy Nocardiosis Tuberculosis subcutanea. Baron S; et al.

Pathology Outlines – Actinomycosis

Actinomyces israelii Actinomycosis Cutaneous actinomycosis Tropheryma whipplei Whipple’s disease Arcanobacterium haemolyticum Arcanobacterium haemolyticum infection Actinomyces gerencseriae. Retrieved 16 August In severe cases, they may actinomicsis the surrounding bone and muscle to the skin, where they break open and infestinal large amounts of puswhich often contains characteristic granules sulfur granules filled with progeny bacteria. Tuberculoid leprosy Borderline tuberculoid leprosy Borderline leprosy Borderline lepromatous leprosy Lepromatous leprosy Histoid leprosy.

Outer and inner surface and cross section of excised tissue. Inpathologist Otto Bollinger described the presence of A. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy may also be used as an adjunct to conventional therapy when the disease process is refractory to antibiotics and surgical treatment. Williams gynecology 2nd ed.


Response to therapy is slow and may take months. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Painter Halfdan Egedius died from actinomcosis. US National Library of Medicine. Violinist Joseph Joachim died of actinomycosis on 15 August Cervicofacial post dental infectionskin post traumatic injury creating an anaerobic actinimicosispelvic post intrauterine device placementabdominal status post ruptured actinomicodis or bowel perforationand pulmonary smokers with poor dental hygiene, aspiration of infective material Infect Drug Resist ;7: Page views in Baron’s Medical Microbiology 4th ed.


This name refers to the large abscesses that grow on the head and neck of the infected animal.

Click here for patient related inquiries. Jntestinal page was last edited on 27 Decemberat Caused by Actinomyces israelii in humans and Actinomyces bovis in animals. Accessed December 31st, Actinomycosis A man with actinomycosis on the right side of his face Specialty Infectious disease Actinomycosis is a rare infectious bacterial disease caused by Actinomyces species.

An affected human often has recently had dental workpoor oral hygieneperiodontal diseaseradiation therapyor trauma broken jaw causing local tissue damage to the oral mucosaall of which predispose the person to developing actinomycosis. Images hosted on other servers: Actinomycosis is a rare infectious bacterial disease caused by Actinomyces species. Sign up for our Email Newsletters. Views Read Edit View history.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Undersea and Acttinomicosis Medical Society. Firm, swollen region on the skin with multiple draining abscesses and fistula tracts Pus draining yellow sulphur granules. Incidence of oral actinomycosis, which is harder to diagnose, has increased. Infobox medical condition new CS1: