Index. ▫Jain Agam (Canonical) Literature ƒ Definition ƒ Classification ƒ Listings of Sutras ƒ Summary of Agams by Jainsects ƒ History of Preservation ƒ Agam. The Agama scriptures have been composed by Lord Tirthankaras by way of their meanings, whereas by ‘Sutra’ they have been composed by Lord Gandharas. Phone:: +91 22 1. ĀGAMA – AN INTRODUCTION (English): This booklet provides a brief summary of each Āgama with a few key sutras highlighted.
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The Digambar Jain sect also believes that the remaining eleven Ang-agams were gradually lost. Therefore Agam sutras were rarely documented and not widely distributed for or by ascetics. Sutraas appeared from heaven to shower Lord Mahavir with unprecedented pomp and splendor. Digambaras reject the authority of the Agamas compiled at Valabhi. Jainp.
These texts are known as Ang-agams. Appendix – Summary of Swetambar Jain Agams: It gives very important information to the scholars of biology and botany.
Views Read Edit View history. This agam contains prayers to the four benevolent beings: Ethics of Jainism Sallekhana. This agam explains Jain principles through examples and stories.
They are written in the Ardha-magadhi Sutraw language. The Jain literature, which was compiled by Ganadharas and Srut-kevlis, is known as Agam literature. This agam describes the conduct and behavior of ascetic life. Hence ayam existing Sgam which are accepted by the Swetambar sects are not accepted by them as authentic scriptures. It explains the magnitude of pain one has to suhras if he or she breaks the fourth vow chastity.
Also there occurred a twelve years of famine around BC. This agam describes the conduct and behavior of ascetic life. However, with time, it became difficult to keep the entire Jain literature committed to memory. This agam is very useful for xutras the code and conduct of ordinary people Shravaka Dharma in the Jain religion. Non-agam literature consists of commentary and explanation of Suras literature, and independent works, compiled by ascetics and scholars.
Jain history indicates that during the course of time, Swetambar ascetics held three conferences; at Patli-putra B. This agam describes nonviolence, Jain metaphysics, and the refutation of other religious theories such as Kriyavada, Akriyavada, Ajnanavada, and Vinayavada. However the Swetambar sect believes that only fourteen Purvas were forgotten but the significant portion of the remaining Agam Sutras were preserved by them and hence they decided to document the Agam Sutras canonical literature as remembered by them at various time.
This agam describes the system of confession for monks and nuns who fall from proper conduct. The Drastivad consists of fourteen Purva texts, also known as Purvas or Purva-agams. This agam has the same place in Jain literature as the Dhammapada in Buddhism and the Geeta in the Hindu religion.
In the absence of authentic Agam aga, Digambars follow Shatkhand Agam and Kasay Pahud as their main texts and four Anuyogs which includes about 20 texts written by great ascetics from to AD as their basis to follow and practice the Jain religion.
The twelfth Ang-agam Drastivad is considered lost by all Jain Sects.
Jain Agamas – Wikipedia
It provides the rule of conduct, punishment, and repentance for ascetics. Traditionally these sutras were orally pass on from teachers acharyas or gurus to the disciples for several centuries. Commentary on Shatkhand-agam Vol 1 to 5. The earliest versions of Jain Agamas known were written in Ardhamagadhi Prakrit language. Some scholars believe that it was so named, the knowledge which existed before Lord Mahavira was called ‘Purva’. State University of New York Press. They consist of 12 texts that were originally compiled by immediate disciples of Lord Mahavir known as Ganadhars, who possessed absolute knowledge of the soul or keval-jnan.
It also describes and explains the conduct of good and bad monks. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The canonical texts of Jainism are called Agamas. The Purvas or the ancient texts were already forgotten and lost after the famine.
Agam literature consists of many texts, which are the sacred books of the Jain religion. Digambara monk Aryika Kshullak Pattavali Acharya. This agam explains how Lord Neminath convinced ten kings in the Vrashni region to follow the Jain religion. The knowledge of Shruta-Jnanamay be of things which are contained in the Angas Limbs or sacred Jain books or of things outside the Angas.