Abu al-Hasan Ali Ibn Muhammad Ibn Habib al-Mawardi known in Latin as Alboacen ( CE), was an Islamic jurist of the Shafi’i school most remembered for his works on religion, government, the caliphate, and public and constitutional law during a time of political turmoil. the Mu’tazila school of thought, the great (orthodox) Shafi’i jurist al-Subki (d. Al-Mawardi’s main political thought is embodied in his. Al-Ahham al-Sultaniyah. Only a small portion of the work is however devoted to political theory, the rest of . Mawardi, Abu al-Hasan al-. (d. ). Shafii jurist who wrote the most significant classical theoretical explanation of public law in relation to political theory.
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Moreover, he is very particular about the rights and prerogatives of the Caliph but pays little attention to the rights and obligations of the people. But al-Mawardi was not very concerned about theory. He wrote mostly on law and politics.
Muslim Political ThoughtAl-Mawardi – CSS Forums
His powers, pen and name is of prime importance. He especially prepared himself for the judicial profession and obtained an appointment in the State service. The Wazarat of Delegation: Concept of imam or caliph or sovereign. Al Mawardi is a Muslim philosopher.
Chapter 36: Al-Mawardi
This page was last edited on 21 Mayat The compromise was given religious sanctity and justification, so that it became permanent and unchallengeable. When all hd come, a public assembly was held where the Caliph delivered one of the most important addresses of his life.
The right of franchise is not enjoyed only by the people in the capital. Mumem- obedient of Shariah: After the period of the Pious Caliph, Caliphate converted into monarchy.
H to take the counsel of the Muslims in matters of state.
He should punish those who snatch rights of the others. Al-Mawardi, al-Akham al-Sultaniyyah, p. He also holds that if there is only one candidate for this office, he automatically becomes caliph and there is no need of election.
The consequences of the premature demise of the Republic of Madina were dire and far-reaching. Powers of the minister delegation are too much. Tuesday, June 14, He says that the Imam loses his mawarfi and authority on account of one of the following reasons:.
It was an order of the existing imam.
Chapter Al-Mawardi | A History of Muslim Philosophy Volume 1, Book 3 |
For one hundred years of Umayyad rule the la between these two forces continued. Mawardi explained essential qualities of the ministers by giving example of mamoon —ur —Rasheed who used to say that he is in need of ministers having the qualities: Al-Mawardi was acclaimed as one of the ablest men of his age. So when the rulers broke this covenant, and violated the principle of representation and threw overboard the interest of the people, the people thought it as their inherent right to repeal such rulers and grab political power from them.
A state where there is no justice, such states ever fall. Theory of Imamate Al-Mawardi says that Almighty Allah mawadri down laws in order that issues thuoght be satisfactorily settled and the principles of right, truth and goodness may be widely known.
And among you there is none like Abu Bakr towards whom the people may look with love and poligical, therefore, if anyone of you swears allegiance to a person without consulting the general body of Muslims, such a person shall not be deemed as elected, and the likelihood is that both these persons may be beheaded.
Al-Mawardi says only male are allowed to be imam of an Islamic state.
The Imam is appointed in one of two ways: Sl notable fact here is that, while his predecessors and successors lay great emphasis on the first two points, viz, the safe-guard of religious principles and the dispensation of justice, as the principal duties of the Imam, al-Mawardi lays the main stress on the administrative responsibility for the carrying out of justice but also the greatest social organization to help promote the corporate life of men.
Minister execution is to execute policy of the government. Hprovided you believe in God and in the day of Judgment.
He was not a visionary and idealist like the jurists or the scholastics, and like them did not sit to mawarsi a vacuum. Conceded the possibility of having more than one executive organ of political power, but insisted on the unity of ummah and on the symbolic unity of the office of caliph. Physically and sensually fit: It was the clear infringement of this covenant that eventually led to the assassinations of Hazrat Usman R.