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Blas de Lezo was blamed [ by whom? Portrait of Lezo, Museo Naval de Madrid.
Blas de Lezo – Wikipedia
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Vernon’s intention was to gather information on topography and troop strength and to provoke a response that might give him a better idea of the defensive capabilities of the Spanish. Mediohomber took up his new post just prior to the conflict between Great Britain and Spain that would become known as the War of Jenkins’ Ear and a,ber would later be subsumed into the War of Austrian Succession.
Admiral Vernon tested Cartagena de Indias on three separate occasions. In the following months he established a naval blockade, preventing the Algerians from receiving reinforcements from Istanbulthereby gaining valuable time for the securing of Oran’s defense, until an epidemic forced him to return to Cadiz.
Lezo served in the Pacific in On the evening of April 19, the British mounted an assault in force upon San Felipe.
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One early victory involved the capture of Portobelo Panamathe dismantling of its fortifications and the withdrawal of British forces having left the place defenceless.
In he returned to Spain and was promoted to chief of the Mediterranean Fleet; emdiohombre this force he went to the Republic of Genoa to enforce the payment of two million pesos owed to Spain that had been retained in the Bank of San Jorge. Online books Resources in your library Resources in other libraries.
Throughout his naval career, Lezo sustained many severe wounds; he lost his left eye, left hand, complete mobility of the right arm, caught Typhoid fever and had his left leg amputated in situ after being hit by albeg projectile of a cannon.
Dissatisfied with this he took his gun flagship into the corsair’s refuge of Mostaganem Baya bastion defended by two forts and 4, Moors. Deeming the honour of the Spanish flag to be at stake, Blas de Lezo threatened the city with bombardment. Lezo died four months after the alner was raised and a contemporary source indicates that the cause of death was epidemic typhus: In the king promoted him to Lieutenant General of the Navy.
Imprenta de la viuda de Calero. Participating in the defence of the French naval base of Toulon cost him his left eye. This page was last edited on 25 Octoberat The first attempt, in Marchwas essentially a reconnaissance in force by a squadron including ships of the linetwo fire shipsthree bomb vesselsand transport ships.
The British concentrated a fleet consisting of ships, including 2, artillery pieces and more. Retrieved 28 March Although it has been vazuez that he took many prizes during this period, documentary mediiohombre indicates that in fact he took only two French frigates and not in the Pacific but in the Atlantic.
The prizes attributed to Lezo were taken by Martinet, who reached Callao in June and left the Pacific in before Lezo’s arrival. In he lost use of his right arm in the Siege of Barcelona.
Author: Alber Vazquez
Lezo returned to its aid with six ships and 5, men and managed to drive off the Algerian pirate after a hard fight. The British fought their way to the base of the fort’s ramparts but were unable to overcome the defence and withdrew. Blas de Lezo’s advantages consisted of a formidable primary fortress and numerous secondary fortifications. Complutense University of Madrid. In May, Vernon returned to Cartagena de Indias in charge of 13 warships, with the intention of probing the city’s defences.
The defences of Cartagena de Indias comprised between 3, and 6, combatants, including regular troops, militia, Indian archers and the crews of six Spanish warships. A modern statue stands in front of the Castillo San Felipe de Barajas. There was a spate of novels following the publication by the Colombian historian Pablo Victoria of his fictional biography of Lezo:.
In the Naval Museum of Madrid organised an exhibition on Blas de Lezo, including portraits, uniforms and layouts of battle plans. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Blas de Lezo. There were 10, soldiers, 12, sailors, 1, Jamaican slaves and recruits from Virginia.