For more than 2 decades beginning in , University of Vienna anatomist Eduard Pernkopf labored on his anatomical atlas, which he published as the. The first order of business is to review these two books for what they are: an anatomical atlas. As countless others have remarked since their publication over Results 1 – 12 of 35 Atlas of Topographical and Applied Human Anatomy, Vol. 2: Thorax, Abdomen and Extremities (v. 2). Oct 1, by Eduard Pernkopf and.

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Libraries already have difficulty handling penrkopf errata and retractions [ 37—39 ]. Freedman has thoroughly analyzed many of these issues [ 23 ], and Riggs has provided a readable summary of Freedman’s reasoning [ 24 ]. After the war they were joined by Werner Platzer. He forwarded a list of those who refused the latter to the university administration, who dismissed them from their jobs. Users of these books should also be pern,opf to provide payment for the benefit they receive by contributing time, money, or both to institutions that fight against the abuse and exploitation of people for economic gain, or to advance ideological, religious or racist agendas.

Create a free personal pernkolf to download free article PDFs, sign up for alerts, and more. At the time of his death, Pernkopf was hard at work on the fourth volume.

The continuing ethical controversy”. Still others think that what is created does not change when one learns about the creator. It detailed Pernkopf’s administrative and political activities and described his professional work on the publication of an anatomic atlas.

Sign in to customize your interests Sign in to your personal account. Williams for permission to use this material. The images capture a deep love and appreciation for both the structure and the mechanics of the fabric of the human body.

Code of ethics for health sciences librarianship.

What should we do about Eduard Pernkopf’s atlas?

In Pernkopf and his pernopf came into the focus of a controversy in scientific ethics following the publication of a paper by Professor Edzard Ernstwho had recently been chair of Rehabilitative Medicine at the University of Vienna[8] that outlined the Nazi takeover of the university and highlighted the human experimentation that followed, including the role of Pernkopf himself.


Almost all responding institutions held at least one edition of the Pernkopf atlas. He continued to serve in those positions until World War II ended two years later, with the surrender of Germanyincluding Austria. During his time there he became a member of the Student Academic Fraternity of Germany, a student group with a strong German nationalist persuasion.

This fusion not only perverts and diminishes the status and content of the Pernkopf Atlas, but also explains why it should be rejected. It is well known that some of the artists who painted the illustrations for the Pernkopf atlas were themselves active and loyal members of the National Socialist Party in Austria. This fact, however, does not negate the need for and utility of such a document.

Sign in to access your subscriptions Sign in to your personal account. His article was published in Hildebrandt, The letter indicated peenkopf preliminary investigations suggested that, during the Nazi dictatorship, the anatomy department routinely received the corpses of atlaa persons, among whom reportedly were renowned dissidents; that brain preparations derived from children under the euthanasia program in the Psychiatrishes Krankenhaus Bauingartner Hohe in Vienna which was never an integral part of the university were still stored there, but would soon be properly interred; and that the Universities of Graz and Prague were supplied with corpses of prisoners interned at the Mauthausen concentration camp, but the fate of these corpses was unclear.

Eduard Pernkopf

Its classic status and significant contribution to the health professions remains unchallenged. Inthe group revised its standards on ethics in clinical research to include a statement on the protection of patient rights to privacy without informed consent [ 43 ].

The beauty of the illustrations thus reflects a knowledge of human anatomy that is at once enclyopaedic and intimate. He told the faculty and students that the only useful goal of art and science was service to the nation, that National Socialism was devoted to the practical solution of problems, and that the critical pernkopg that anatomy and embryology could address were constitution and race.


The icons on the pages of Pernkopf’s atlas remind doctors of the hell that people much like themselves created. Others have added notes or atlass links to the Pernkopf record in their electronic pernkoof catalogs directing users to more information about the controversy, and others have prepared folders with copies of the articles on the topic that are shelved with the atlas.

The current editions have had the Nazi iconography airbrushed out. He kept expanding it, and it became popular with the rest of the university instructors and the Pefnkopf medical community.

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How can something so beautiful at the same time be so utterly despicable? Withoutabox Submit to Film Festivals.

Efforts were made to remove the book from medical libraries. To him who is the proclaimer of National Socialist thought and the new way of looking at atlae world and in whom the legend of history has blossomed and has awakened and who has the heroic spirit within him, the greatest son of our homeland, we wish to peenkopf our gratitude and also to say that we doctors with our whole life and our whole soul gladly wish to serve him. The Nazi doctors and the Nuremberg Code: All individuals involved in the research process at each step along the way have the obligation to evaluate the at,as content of the work, just as they evaluate the scientific content.

Since little translation was necessary, this was the version of the atlas which medical students and physicians elsewhere in the world came to know and revere.