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Muawiya had declared before the Battle of Basra his refusal to join the electors .. Ammar asked for a drink before he entered the decisive battle of Siffin during . The Battle of Siffin was fought in during the First Fitna (Islamic Civil War) and led to the establishment of the Umayyad Caliphate. The Battle of Șiffīn (Arabic: معركة صفين) was a battle between Imam Ali (a) and Mu’awiya b. Abi Sufyan occurred in Safar of 37/July in an.

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He did indeed seem in the presence of the enemy sivfin be the very Genius of Victory. Why should the conscience of Muawiya be shaken for committing such an ugly crime? He was the most capable among them to challenge the authority of the Imam and their least scrupulous in religion.

The third category believed that their obedience to the Imam in the two battles of Basra and Siffin had cost them dearly because they paid with the blood of their children brothers and relatives. Since the issue was a political one, it ended up in the form of a war.

The latter, as noted before, had arrived from Yemen, and had met Ali for the first time on the eve of the battle of Basra. Eiffin Historical Encyclopedia [2 volumes]: The two arbitrators, Abu Musa Ashari and Amr bin Aas, announced that they would meet, six months later, in Adhruh, to give their verdict in the dispute between the two parties.

The traitors soon became insolent; they asked Ali to recall Oc from the battlefield, and to declare if cease-fire immediately.

Battle of Ṣiffīn

If the difference of ijtihad had been about science, bsttle would have been on paper. It is called the Incident of Tahkim Arbitration in the Islamic history. The Muslims of Egypt were incapable of offering what he needed of an army for subduing the secessionists.


Retrieved 17 December What does it mean to overthrow a man from an office he does not occupy? The Imam therefore included in his message what refutes his argument.

The Syrians enjoyed a numerical superiority over Malik, and their generals tried to make the best of sifgin. Nor would they be consulted in the Islamic affairs or elected by the Muslim electors.

He then went into the pulpit to make the historic announcement, and said:. A regiment from one side and a regiment from the other side faced each other on one day. They meant that Al-Ashtar was in agreement with the Imam and wants to go back to war in order to defeat the aggressor party. What did you leave behind you in Damascus? God I declare to Thee my innocence of the blood of Uthman.

It is between you and us from its beginning to end.

The Battle of Siffin | A Restatement of the History of Islam and Muslims |

The lifelong desire of Khuzaima and Oways Qarni was to win the status of martyrs battel Islam. May God reform through you what people of other areas had corrupted and by this you would be paying only what is due from you.

It is narrated in the history books that the soldiers of Muawiyah flagged their spears with the copies of the Quran. If it complies then make peace between them with justice and be fair. You are a dog which is abttle with books and which pants and puts out its tongue when under the load. This statement was well known to the companions.

With the severe attack of the army of Hazrat Ali, the army of Damascus fell into a state of disbanding. Sir John Glubb When the first Batrle in Medina were threatened by Quraish, whom they repelled by digging a ditch, Ammar ibn Yasir had been staggering along with a great load of earth.

The Holy Qur’an commands the Muslims to obey the leaders from among them:. I left also sixty thousand old men crying under the shirt of Uthman which is hung on the pulpit in Damascus.


They only wanted power for themselves They were an explosive mixture of terrorism, politics and religious fanaticism.

Battle of Ṣiffīn | Islamic history |

They killed hundreds of Syrian warriors and spread terror and dismay sifdin their ranks. But Ali gently reproved them for wishing to imitate an example which they themselves condemned, and he declared: Khuzaimah Ibn Thabit the man of two testimonies The Prophet had made his testimony equal to the testimony of two men was with the Imam in Siffin but he did not fight.

Obey Allah, and obey the Apostle, and those charged with authority among you. Only one ssiffin – the one led by Malik — was left in the field fighting and battering the Syrians.

Please help improve the article by presenting facts as a neutrally-worded summary with appropriate citations. Ali’s general Ashtar, at the head of Hafiz-e-Qur’an those who had memorized the Koran led forward the other wing, which fell with fury on Muawiya’s body-guards.

I fought them after I left no excuse for them until the truth came and the cause of God prevailed while they were averse. The Imam went back to his peaceful efforts during the month of Muharram and the result was not better than in his previous efforts.

Muawiya was the governor of Syria, and was averse to nothing so much as to losing that position. In the battle of Siffin, the armies of Iraq and Syria faced each other for days. They could deluge the Dar-ul-Islam with falsehood, and with the blood of the Muslims to realize their own wishes and ambitions. Ali posed himself in the centre with the flower of his troops from Medina, and the wings were formed, one of the warriors from Basra, the other of those from Kufa.