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Date, Source, Ludwig Borchardt: Das Grabdenkmal des Königs Sahure. Band II: Die Wandbilder, Leipzig Author, Ludwig Borchardt. More than a hundred years ago, Ludwig Borchardt (–) – who also discovered the bust of Nefertiti – excavated the pyramids of Abu Sir. The finds were. Abusir XVI: Sahure C the Pyramid Causeway: history and decoration program in the Old Kingdom–By . Sahure’s Mediterranean ships published by Borchardt.

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Storerooms and other spaces believed to have been without decoration were not included in our investigation. They decorated the pillars of the courtyard porticoes with double-figure groups showing Pepi embraced by gods 82 and left the rest of the walls undecorated.

File:Borchardt Sahure 34.jpg

The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt. However, as the outer casing of pyramid fell victim to stone robbers throughout the millennia, the loosely assembled core material was progressively exposed and fared much worse over time than that of the 4th dynasty pyramids. In later representations most female estate personifications and fertility figures are shown in striding poses like those of their male counterparts.

Pharaoh of Egypt Fifth Dynasty. Examining fragments has special advantages: The statue was located in the temple of Karnak and it probably belonged to a group of portraits of deceased kings. Egyptian Monuments A detailed guide to the archaeological sites of the Nile Valley and desert areas of Egypt.

Like most of its kind, the pyramid complex of King Sahure at Abusir figs. In his last year on the throne, Sahure sent the first documented [52] expedition to the fabled land of Punt. I want to thank Dieter Arnold for undertaking these calculations. The combination of a large focal figure with several registers of smaller figures was not fully established at the end of the Archaic Period, as is demonstrated by a group of royal reliefs from the reign of Khasekhemui, the last king of the Second Dynasty.

Both sides of the throne bear inscriptions identifying the work as a portrait of Sahure made on the orders of Senusret I. The most obvious examples are the ivories, palettes, and mace heads from the sahude Predynastic Period: Harvard University Press; W. Interconnections in the Ancient Near-East: Two nonactive standing figures of approximately equal rank often form a unit in which the figures face each other or embrace.


The rather uniform assemblage of register upon register of ritual group-action tableaux in the Heb Sed antechamber room of Niuserre is unusual fig. The walls were covered with extensive painted reliefs. Statues et statuettes de rois et de particuliers PDF.

File:Borchardt Sahure jpg – Wikimedia Commons

A parallel scene was depicted in the pyramid temple of King Djedkare-Isesi Goyonp. But on a obrchardt that may date to the early Third Dynasty, a relief from the temple of Hathor at the Upper Egyptian site of Gebelein, the combination of registers of smaller individuals behind the large figure of the king is handled with a marked increase in assurance and structural clarity.

Description Borchardt Sahure The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Sahure launched several naval expeditions to modern day Lebanon to procure cedar trees, people possibly slaves and exotic items.

The architects of Sahure’s pyramid complex introduced the use of palmiform columns that is columns whose capital has the form of palm leaveswhich would soon become a hallmark of ancient Egyptian architecture.

Digital Egypt for Universities.

The per-weru opens into the columned courtyard that is the central feature of the outer part of the pyramid temple. The most important role of the prominent single figure in Old Kingdom royal relief was to serve as the focal point and unifying element in large-scale relief compositions, and it was as part of such compositions that large figures of the king dominated walls and rooms. The many reliefs of the mortuary and valley temples also depict, among other things, a counting of foreigners by or in front of the goddess Seshat and the return of an Egyptian fleet from Asiaperhaps Byblos.

In the mean time a comparatively greater emphasis was put on the construction of the mortuary temple and its decoration. To the north of the offering hall there are five small chambers which would have been used for ritual purposes — some containing libation basins and a drainage system. Since Egyptian artists repeated a rather circumscribed set of iconographie configurations from temple to temple and from wall to wall, Egyptologists have been able to reconstruct, at least on paper, the overall compositions of a fair number of Old Kingdom royal reliefs.


Take the road for Saqqara and turn off to the village of Abusir, from where a track leads to the edge of the desert. Activities seemed to have continued on-site for a long time, as shown by graffiti dating from the 26th Dynasty — BC until the Ptolemaic period —30 BC.

The offering chapel, which had a false door and was paved with alabaster, originally contained an altar, an offering bowl and a black granite statue of the king. Repetition of identical or similar single figures creates a row of figures that may be depicted along the walls of a room or a set of rooms, emphasizing the movement from one architectural space to the next.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. University of California Press. For other instances of skillful variations in the heights of adjoining registers, see Edel and Wenigpls.

Dodson, Aidan ; Hilton, Dyan In Egyptian mythology the creation of the world began with the emergence of an island from the primeval water, and thus the courtyard island of Sahure becomes analogous to the first created land. Loeb classical library, In the Fifth Dynasty version the somewhat larger figure of the enthroned king, impressively isolated in his double pavilion, serves as a focus and resting point in the narrative.

Donadoni Roverip. American Univ in Cairo Press. Pyramid complex of the second pharaoh of the Fifth Dynasty of Egypt, inaugural pyramid at Abusir. The relief is now in the Agyptisches Museum und Papyrussammlung, Berlin, In two of these were further basins connected to the drainage system via copper pipes.

Indeed, no mastaba or pyramid of a queen dating to Sahure’s time has been discovered as of in the immediate vicinity of Sahure’s pyramid. During the excavations, Borchardt discovered the still xahure intact architrave of the mortuary temple as well as a group of palmiform columns.