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DHTML Utopia: Modern Web Design Using JavaScript & DOM by Stuart contributes to Stylish Scripting: SitePoint’s DHTML and CSS Blog. About The. DHTML Utopia: Modern Web Design Using JavaScript & DOM explores the Document Object Model, remote scripting, Ajax, XML-RPC and. What do Flickr, Google Suggest, Google Maps, and GMail have in common? They all take great advantage of some of the latest modern, unobtrusive DHTML .

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A closely-related event that does have a default action is keypress, which occurs whenever a character is typed using the combination of keydown and keyup.

This approach is called semantic markup — a fancy way of saying, “uses tags to describe meaning. Each CSS property is a property of that style property, with its name slightly transformed: You just need to make sure that your page displays correctly when JavaScript is turned off. We use it to call the addListeners function once the page has loaded.

In the code snippet above, we apply a regular expression substitution shtml that string. In CSS, the display property is used for this: In many cases, the disparities in browser support can be worked around, but fundamentally, a page should never rely on a DHTML effect being possible, but use DHTML to enhance the usability of a page for those with capable browsers i. In Internet Explorer where there is a global window.

DHTML Utopia: Modern Web Design Using JavaScript & DOM – SitePoint Premium

The second way is to test for the existence of a required feature directly. Failing that, we look for Internet Explorer’s proprietary attachEvent method on the object. Each node has one parent except the root element and may have multiple children. Conceptually, the code works as follows: For combinations, add numbers: While all this was taking place, the W3C developed a specification for the Document Object Model Level 1, which outlined a generic and standard method to access the various parts of an XML document using script.


DHTML Utopia: Modern Web Design Using JavaScript & DOM

It got in the way, utopiq a horror to get working cross-browser, and was responsible for all sorts of evil flashing, popping up and generally annoying behaviour by web sites. They return information on the size and position of an element in pixels. And now, to Chapter 1. An event target is the thing at which an event is aimed — an element, essentially.

The setupRollovers function does nothing but install listeners. We want to confirm that this link contains nothing but an img element, so we make use of dhhtml very handy property of JavaScript, called short-circuit evaluation.

Its structure reflects our earlier discussions, but it contains some additional code for this particular technique. This is possible because JavaScript treats zero as meaning false.

The users add their own names, then the names of all of the friends they wish to invite. The method returns an array that contains all matching elements Technically, it returns utopja node collection, but this works just like an array. When the link is clicked, it will fire a click event, and that code will run.

You should be able to spot four of them.

DHTML Utopia: Modern Web Design Using JavaScript & DOM — SitePoint

jtopia This is called event bubbling ; an event “bubbles” up through the DOM tree, starting with the target element, until it reaches the top. Events have two further utoia properties: If your code uses getElementById and createElementtest for the existence of both methods. We add the browser detection script to the code just before we call addEvent to set up our window load listener:. Therefore, to walk through a tree, you can use a series of steps, for example:.


DHTML Utopia: Modern Web Design Using JavaScript and DOM

That code creates two four-by-four tables, each with column and row headings so each table contains five rows and five columns in total. The precise properties that are available will depend on the type of event in question, but the most useful properties are listed in Table 3. A handy trick that many applications use to display tables of data is to highlight the individual row and column that the viewer is looking at; paper-based tables often shade table rows and columns alternately to provide a similar although non-dynamic …until paper technology gets a lot cooler than it is now, at any rate!

You may recall from the previous chapter the technique of referring to a Function object without calling it. Another feature-sniff gives us the appropriate value:.

You must explicitly test for each feature. What this means is that you should use HTML tags to describe the nature of an element in your document, rather than the appearance of that element. In addition to appendChildeach node has an insertBefore method, which is called with two arguments: Although the full definition of CSS allows you to do some fairly amazing things, and to control the presentation of your pages to a high degree, not every browser supports everything that CSS has to offer.

That information can be typed on a single line, or with a line break after EN”. An element is a piece of HTML that represents one thing: