Saul A. Kripke This chapter analyzes Robert Nozick’s theory on knowledge. philosophers, such as Alvin Goldman, who give causal accounts of knowledge. Philosophical Troubles by Saul Kripke; Oxford University Press ; xiii ‘ Nozick on Knowledge’ is the official version of a paper which has. A proper analysis of knowledge should at least be a necessary truth. Kripke, Saul A., , “Nozick on Knowledge”, in Philosophical.

Author: Dokora Vudomi
Country: Bahrain
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Personal Growth
Published (Last): 1 February 2015
Pages: 210
PDF File Size: 17.81 Mb
ePub File Size: 17.89 Mb
ISBN: 506-6-60355-524-1
Downloads: 52953
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Nall

The belief condition is only slightly more controversial than the truth condition. Reliabilism, Misc in Epistemology. Now imagine a skeptical scenario in which George does not have hands.

Nozick on Knowledge* : Philosophical Troubles – oi

Such a theorist would, if she wanted the safety condition to deliver clear verdicts, face the task of articulating just what the relevant notion of similarity amounts to see also Bogardus Problem of Epistemic NormativityLondon: However, you wouldn’t believe it by the method “infer that it is a dog from ‘it’s a dachshund'”. His own contribution is to abandon causation in favor of a counterfactual analysis, which, he believes, will allow a uniform treatment of mathematical and ethical knowledge along with the straightforward empirical cases that seem to be more readily amenable to a causal analysis.

According to a certain form of knowledge reliabilism, it is unreliability, not lack of justification, which prevents such beliefs from amounting to knowledge. For example, if the question of whether marijuana use is legal in Connecticut is more important to Sandra than it is to Daniel, Sandra is more likely to seek out evidence, and come to knowledge, than Daniel is. If p were false, S would not believe that p. The Epistemology of Religious ExperienceIthaca: Knowledge might figure into some analyses, but it will do so in the analysans, not in the analysandum.


The plausibility of such accounts, with a less intuitive extension but with a different kind of theoretical justification, is a matter of controversy.

But something that all of these potential conditions on knowledge seem to have in common is that they have some sort of intimate connection with the truth of the relevant belief. So unless there’s another necessary but unmet condition of knowledgeI know it by EC. Suppose, for example, that James, who is relaxing on nozicl bench in a park, observes an apparent dog in a nearby field.

The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

But either of a and b might be resisted. Roush is one of the few contemporary sensitivity theorists who also endorse the adherence component of Nozickian tracking.

Stanley offers strategies for accepting such consequences. Instead, consider a simplified causal theory of knowledge, which illustrates the main motivation behind causal theories. But the latter is insensitive: Guido Melchior – – Erkenntnis 79 1: One candidate property for such a state is reliability.

The virtue-theoretic approach to knowledge is in some respects similar to the knowedge and anti-luck approaches. For example, George, who can see nozjck use his hands perfectly well, knows that he has hands.

If S were to believe that pp would not be false. If there are no additional benefits, what good is this justification?

In his text Nozick states his indebtedness to those philosophers, such as Alvin Goldman, who give causal accounts of knowledge. But it’s hard to deny that “the Broncos won” implies “the paper did not erroneously report that they won as a result of a misprint”.

When intuitive counterexamples were proposed to each theory, epistemologists often responded by amending their theories, complicating the existing conditions or adding new ones. A proposed analysis consists of a statement of the following form: Weighing these benefits against those of more traditional approaches to knowledge is beyond the scope of this article. But it’s very hard to swallow the claim that I could know that it’s a red barn but not know that it’s a barn.


Since the recipe is a general one, it appears to be applicable to any condition one might add to the JTB theory, so long as it does not itself entail truth.

Suppose Walter comes home after work to find out that his house has burned down.

The Analysis of Knowledge

This chapter analyzes Robert Nozick’s theory on knowledge. This belief is formed by perceptual processes, which are by-and-large reliable: Gettier presented two cases in which a true belief is inferred from a justified false belief. Not all further clarifications of a safety condition will be suitable for knowpedge use of the latter in an analysis of knowledge.

Although Roush’s fully formulated recursion clause requires knowledge of the inference, that knowledge plays no role in knoowledge determination of the level of sensitivity of the conclusion.

Nozick on Knowledge *

The sensitivity condition rules out this belief as keipke only if, were there no barn there, Henry would still have believed there was. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use for details see www.

We have seen already how several of these attempts failed.