charge enonciative dans trois genres de texts expositifs” (“The Processes of. Enunciation in Three Types of Expository Text”) (Itziar Plazaola. Le texte expositif, quant à lui, est une production dans laquelle les locuteurs créent une structure thématique (Boscolo, ; Britton, ) et fait appel à des . Les titres et intertitres sont des dispositifs de signalisation fréquemment utilisés dans les textes expositifs. De nombreuses recherches réalisées en psychologie.
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The question of task relevance is an entirely reader-based consideration: Contemporary Educational Psychology 17 2: Topic Continuity expoditif Discourse. The Role of Schemas in Reading Text: Journal of Technical Writing and Communication 19 3: We sketch below two possible lines of enquiry.
As we have already noted, however, not all headings are topic-identifying.
This is unfortunate because it is likely that the titles and headings used in different experiments vary on this dimension in ways that might influence processing. Two approaches may be distinguished in the literature: Contemporary Educational Psychology 14 2: In fact, there is a relatively extensive empirical literature in psychology that generally supports the hypothesis that signals may help processing of expository text Lorch, Thus, the validity of the information of topic identification is supported by this result.
Cahiers de grammaire Within cognitive psychology, headings have been used as a means to manipulate context in order to investigate effects of global context on comprehension and memory processes.
Effects of Headings on Text Recall and Summarization. Journal of Educational Psychology 75 2: Signals in Expository Prose: These variations in headings lend themselves to different cognitive functions and can therefore be expected to influence text processing, as we will see in the next section of the text.
Reading Research Quarterly 22 3: Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior 11 6: The Relationship between Depth of Processing and Context. Van DijkT.
Texte expositif by Laura Albella Cubedo on Prezi Next
In the absence of such a heading, the reader must produce the generalization or comprehension will suffer. For each experiment, the logic was the same.
The variation in the length of the text section corresponds to a difference in the scope of the heading.
Journal of Educational Psychology 85 2: Shortcomings of previous research. Effects of Headings on Text Processing Strategies. Readers are much more likely to designate as important statements from paragraphs immediately following the demarcating information than to designate statements from other paragraphs. As the authors point out, these initial insights need to be investigated further, and may provide expossitif interesting testing ground for associating psychological experiments and corpus study.
Shortcomings of previous research 7 Despite the useful findings of prior psychological research, there are several shortcomings of the research literature that originate in an inadequate analysis of headings as an object of study. Discourse Processes 48 3: However, as in our definition, the only mandatory function that a title must fulfil is the labeling function. Contemporary Educational Psychology 26 2: In all cases, several headings are provided ld order to situate in context the specific heading being analyzed, although at this stage the relations between headings are not analyzed.
Rather, headings are sometimes used to identify only the function of a section e. These examples do not state the topic or theme of a section of text; rather, they provide information about the function of a section of text. That is, what are the information functions of signals? Scientific Studies of Reading 15 3: Rather, SARA hypothesizes that the effects of a signaling device will be moderated both by the relevance of the signaled information to the reader and by the accessibility of the signaled information to cognitive processing.
La HayeF. Discourse Processes 47 8: Intrusion of a Thematic Idea in Retention of Prose. These textd relations between headings within a set are likely to have an impact on the ways in which individual headings affect cognitive processes, and are therefore worth studying. Headings may explicitly communicate the sequential organization of the sections of a text; in fact, headings sometimes consist solely of numbers at the start of each new text section e.
Thus, SARA changes the level of analysis from the heading to their information functions. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior 20 1: Assuming that the heading is, in fact, an accurate statement of the main point of the section, the reader is relieved of the ambiguity and work of identifying or constructing this conclusion.
What does it mean to say that a title or heading serves to identify textd topic of a text or text segment?
Understanding How Headings Influence Text Processing
British Journal of Educational Psychology 53 2: Some headings provide only the major referent for a section of text. An analysis of the information function of diverse headings.
A Gaze-Contingent Window Study. Sur la fonction discursive des titres.
Mathematical Structures of Language. According to SARA, both the preview sentence and heading explicitly demarcate the structure boundary, provide a label expoistif the section, and identify the topic of the section, and —in this example— both receive emphasis. The text-based analysis of signals defines signaling and provides a structured approach to characterizing a signaling device along several dimensions.